The stars are out and summer’s last cicadas chirp in the darkness. A yellow box truck rumbles onto the grass. It slows and settles into its spot before three people jump out and pull open its back. It is 5 a.m. and the complex choreography of the Carrboro Farmer’s Market set-up has started.


Since 1978, the Carrboro market has grown from its first fifteen-odd vendors and moved a handful of times. As farmer and longtime vendor Alex Hitt of Peregrine Farms says, it always was “farmer run and farmer controlled.” Market rules stipulate that the farmers themselves must be there to sell and all growers must be within fifty miles. Over the years it’s become “an important link in the chain of things that make the food around [Carrboro] so remarkable,” according to longtime shopper and Crook’s Corner chef Bill Smith.


I have spent most of the waking hours of my adult life outdoors.—Ken Dawson

As the market has grown, so has the quality and variety of produce. Today, the unwritten rule: presentation is everything. In the early years, Hitt explains it was mainly, “ ‘maters, ‘taters, and beans.” Now over fifty farmers sell everything from fairy eggplants to shitake mushrooms.

Ken Dawson, of Maple Spring Gardens, has sold at the market consistently for over thirty years. His stand is one of the prettiest. Each week “it’s like building a stage set for a play.” Turns out architectural stacks of tomatoes and photo ready arrangements of herbs are signifiers of a strong and evolving food community.


5 AM: Tomatoes by Flashlight

Farmers arrive in their weekly spots, unload tables, spread cloths, and catch up on the week’s news. “I’ll leave [the farm] at 4:15,” says Dawson. “I’ll get to the Market about 5 o’clock. The Market opens at 7:00. It takes about two hours to set up.”


6 AM: Early Birds

By 6:00 a.m., first light glows in the east and the last vendors arrive. Neighbors pass ladders down the line, a woman calls out for coffee orders, and scuppernongs tumble into pints.

I started going from [the market's] inception. And I’m very, very dedicated.—Carla Shuford
I started going from [the market’s] inception. And I’m very, very dedicated.—Carla Shuford

“I refer to our display at the market on Saturdays as our Saturday morning art project. We set it up. It looks pretty,” says Dawson. “[Presentation] has evolved and progressed dramatically over my years at the market.”

“I like to come very, very early,” says longtime shopper Carla Shuford. “I have a flashlight in my car, and in the winter, I buy by the flashlight. And they always say, ‘Carla, the moon is going down; the sun is ready to come up. It’s time for you to leave.’ I mean business.”


7 AM: Raising the Bar

Half an hour before start time, the first customers walk the aisles—scoping out the season’s first kale and broccoli, scheming this week’s purchases.

“The level of competition [at the market] has made us all better at what we do,” explains Ken. “Somebody is always raising the bar to the next level.” This drive to improve is visible in carefully tended displays, in the willingness to try growing new things, and fostered by the community around the market.

“The public, the chefs, and the growers…without [the public] you’re nowhere; without the chefs the same; and without the growers you’re the same,” said founding market vendor Bill Dow (who passed away in 2013), “We all need each other.”


Changes Over the Years

A few of the narrators from the Carrboro Farmers’ Market oral history project reflect on what has changed about the market and what makes it so special.


UP NEXT: A classic sign is sometimes as beloved as the food served within. We’ll highlight neon and paint in anticipation of the 18th Southern Foodways Symposium “Pop South.”

This feature was produced with oral history interviews, audio, and photographs from the Southern Foodways Alliance. The photos and video of market set up were taken by Katy Clune, with special thanks to Ken Dawson and his team.